These processes result in All of these processes confuse the stratigraphic record.
Absolute dating determines the age of artifacts in terms of the number of years before the present, with reference to a fixed time scale.I made sense of drakes chasing females and each other. I caught two of the signals a duck pair used to communicate readiness to mate — swimming with bill flat to the water and head nodding.Other courtship signals I probably missed for lack of recognition and speed of performance. Male mallards will shake their heads and/or their tails to gain the attention of females.Drake mallards, sometimes more than one, will swim in circles around a female, occasionally dipping their bill into the water and splashing toward the hen. This also can be a solicitation for the male to mount.Other tactics include nodding, bill flicking and rapid quacks.However, relative methods are , which is that if there are layers of deposits, those laid down first will be on the bottom and those laid down last will be on the top. However, geological strata are not always found to be in a neat chronological order.