At the time when Darwin was writing, there was only the most rudimentary sort of a fossil record to support his view, and he was further hindered by the use of the term man to stand for the human species as a whole.
As that word suggests, there was a tendency to conceive of males as typifying the human condition.
Obviously, females are of equal importance to the survival of the human species, and, somewhat belatedly, the field of biological anthropology has come to realize that males and females require equal attention if the phenomenon of humankind and how it emerged from its nonhuman predecessors is ever to be understood.
It came as something of a surprise when scientists determined that human beings share almost 99 percent of their genetic material with chimpanzees.
In the 4th century BC, the Greek philosopher Plato somewhat flippantly defined "man" as an erect and featherless biped.
Subsequently Diogenes the Cynic, in an equally flippant fashion, displayed a plucked chicken and declared, "Here is Plato's man." Plato's student, Aristotle, also was concerned with verbal definitions and distinctions, but he went on to describe the natural world in a matter-of-fact fashion that has earned him recognition as the founder of the biological sciences.
There are also seminars and audiovisuals for training teachers to offer both models of origins.
"This scientific evidence both for creation and for evolution can and must be taught without any religious doctrine, whether the Bible or the Humanist Manifesto." "Creation-science proponents want public schools to teach all the scientific data, censoring none, but do not want any religious doctrine to be brought into science classrooms." Definitions of the Creation Model and the Evolution Model The scientific model of creation, in summary, includes the scientific evidence for a sudden creation of complex and diversified kinds of life, with systematic gaps persisting between different kinds and with genetic variation occurring within each kind since that time.
Belief in these four humors will dominate medicine and biology for many centuries. 180-Pausanias records a description of the skeleton of the hero Ajax.This correct supposition will be forgotten for centuries. Later historians will speculate that this skeleton might consist of whale bones from Palestine.44 AD-Pomponius Mela authors — three volumes describing the "known" world, including fabulous creatures and peoples in distant lands. 50-Roman army surgeon Dioscorides compiles information on medicinal plants that will survive as a trusted resource for centuries in the form of . 78-Pliny the Elder publishes a 37-volume natural history encyclopedia.The purpose of this pamphlet is to summarize the evidence that shows that: This scientific evidence for both models can be taught in public schools without any mention of religious doctrine, whether the Bible or the Humanist Manifesto.There are text materials and teacher handbooks that have been prepared for a fair presentation of both models, creation and evolution.Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co.